The Center was established as a result of the institutionalization of the activities initiated under the Central Asia Drug Action Programme (CADAP). This program is funded by the European Union, was designed to help in the further development of effective and comprehensive drug policy in Central Asia. The participation of Kazakhstan specialists in the component DAMOS of CADAP Programme was a key in creating a Monitoring Centre on Alcohol and Drugs in the Republic of Kazakhstan. Under component DAMOS complex aspects of the drug situation in Central Asia were monitored, institutionalized collection and analysis of indicators of the drug situation in the field of drug demand and supply of drugs were done, and stable drug information system, an effective system of reporting in the national and international organizations were developed. The joint publication of the European Monitoring Centre on Drugs and Drug Addiction and the Inter-American Commission for Drug Abuse Control of the Organization of American States, considering the creation of the National Observatory on Drugs (see http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/publications/joint/ndo-handbook) has made a great contribution to development of the Monitoring Centre on Alcohol and Drugs in the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Mission and strategy
The main mission of the Center is to provide a valid, objective, reliable and comparable information about alcohol, drugs, drug addiction and the consequences associated with the consumption of these substances in the country due to:
  • Adoption of international standard tools
  • The creation or adoption of a standard reporting system
  • Search for data and experts to interpret the data
  • Structuring the information sources in order to develop a clear system
  • Gradual creation and development of a national network of data collection.
Goals
Provide a national audience with information that is deemed necessary for policy-making and the provision of appropriate services, as well as general issues related to alcohol and drugs.
Collect data and provide the necessary information with national partners to fulfill the country's obligations to prepare reports on the supranational and international programs for monitoring and control of alcohol and drugs.
Audience
  • Decision-makers
  • Scientific community
  • Professionals working in the field of combating, prevention and treatment
  • General public
Objectives
  • Collection and monitoring of public / non-confidential data related to the problems of alcohol and drugs.
  • Analysis and interpretation of data related to the problems of alcohol and drug use.
  • Reporting and dissemination of information about the situation with the problems of alcohol and drug consumption in the country.
  • Consulting and coordination in the process of data collection and assessment associated with alcohol and drugs consumption among the population.
  • Conducting special studies to provide objective, reliable and comparable information on the situation with alcohol and drugs consumption in the country and assess the effectiveness of countermeasures, prevention and treatment.
  • Training to improve the system of data collection, analysis and interpretation of data for assessing situation related to the problems of alcohol and drugs in the country.
  • Cooperation with national institutions and organizations in the field of research and data collection and monitoring.
  • Cooperation with international and foreign institutions and organizations in the field of research and data collection and monitoring.
Key indicators
Drugs
In 2000, an international expert meeting, held in Lisbon, led to the adoption of a unified international and supranational organizations standardized system for collecting and monitoring data, which was called the Lisbon Consensus (see http://www.unodc.org/pdf/drug_demand_gap_lisbon_consensus.pdf)). Lisbon Consensus identifies 13 areas of strategic and political interests for which by various means and methods are monitoring all supranational and international organizations:
  • drug use in the general population (prevalence and incidence);
  • drug use among young people (prevalence and incidence);
  • drug use in specific or vulnerable groups;
  • drug use with a high degree of risk (injecting, dependence etc.);
  • use of services;
  • incidence related to drugs;
  • emergency room visits related to drugs;
  • psychiatric morbidity directly related to drug use;
  • mortality associated with drug abuse;
  • social exclusion and ill-being;
  • drug-related crime (violation of drug laws, the proportion of property crime associated with drug use, the proportion of violent crimes associated with drug use);
  • economic costs associated with drug use;
  • Information about the availability and drug markets.
Alcohol
In 2000, the Department of Mental Health and Addiction Prevention of the World Health Organization published the International Guidelines on monitoring alcohol consumption and consequences (see. http://www.who.int/substance_abuse/publications/alcohol/en/). In 2009, during the technical meeting of experts in Valencia, Spain, on the initiative and under the supervision of the Department of Mental Health and Addiction Prevention of the World Health Organization indicators were identified for monitoring the alcohol consumption, drugs and other psychoactive substances, the harm caused by the consumption of these substances and responses (see. http://www.who.int/substance_abuse/publications/epidemiology/en/)). According to WHO recommendations for monitoring alcohol consumption and consequences in the country defined indicators are the following:
  • alcohol use among the general population (prevalence and incidence);
  • alcohol use among young people (prevalence and incidence);
  • alcohol with a high degree of risk;
  • consequences associated with alcohol consumption;
  • mortality caused by alcohol consumption;
  • mortality associated with alcohol consumption (violence, traffic accidents, etc.);
  • availability of treatment of disorders associated with alcohol consumption;
  • capacity of drug treatment facilities and treatment demand;
  • national alcohol policy;
  • availability of alcohol and constraints.
Form of ownership
Form of ownership of the Monitoring Centre on Alcohol and Drugs in the Republic of Kazakhstan is a Public Foundation that provides a number of advantages and disadvantage in the implementation of activities. On the one hand, this form is favorable to conduct scientific work (this is a priority in the activities of the Centre), provides neutrality and objectivity of the information collected, and brings to the studies a very useful multidisciplinary aspect. However on the other hand, there is the risk of being separated from decision-makers, and do not get enough support from government agencies at the national level. One of the objectives of the Center is to promote the creation of networks and partnerships in the country by combining sources of information (data); combining competence and capacity for analysis and reporting; sharing of limited resources; create a framework to improve the availability and quality of data and capacity-building for data analysis. At the moment, the priority legal basis for the Centre is the technical specification or order of any government authority, which would regulate the work of the Centre.
Independence
Scientific quality is very important to keep the data correctly presented and interpreted to have been faithful and trustworthy, to meet international standards. The Center established a scientific committee and consultation procedure with stakeholders that they review the report before publication. The purpose of this review is to ensure there are no errors and misinterpretation of data and confirm the possibility of publishing, which reinforces the legitimacy of the Centre. Center makes every effort so that the quality of information products was uncompromising. The center will also do everything possible to protect themselves from external attempts to transform data, submit false information to support the promotion or political correctness. All activities of the Centre lies primarily in the field of information (to ensure reliability and objectivity), and in politics it is not involved.
Publishing
Major publications published annually by the Centre are the national report on the drug situation in the country and the national report on the situation with alcohol. The Center can participate in special studies and preparation of other reports, using its own and international resources to provide quality and reliable results. More information about the products offered and published in the section of the site “Publications”.